Crime Prevention: ID (253976) NQF Level 5



253976 Demonstrate understanding of the prevention and investigation of crimes related to Family Violence and Child Protection 5 15


Criminal profiling is the process by which the profiler studies the behaviour of an offender and deduces what kind of person the individual might be. Criminal Profiling is a technique used to identify the major personality and behavioural characteristics of the offender, the mind-set of the offender, based on analysis of the crime/s he/she has committed. Information that is used to establish the profile of the offender includes forensic evidence, crime scene characteristics and victim characteristics.


The criminal profiler examines the crime scene, evidence collected at the crime scene and the nature of the crime. Almost every factor related to a crime scene is used in the process of criminal profiling.


The profiler cannot establish the identity of the offender, but the profiling process can narrow the scope of the investigation. Criminal profiling helps the law enforcement agencies to determine the type of person they are looking for. Valuable time that may save lives may be saved by narrowing down possible suspects. Criminal profiling can indicate behavioural patterns of the offender, this can be used to determine or predict where the offender lives or where future crimes might be committed.

  • Criminal Profiling Process
  • Criminal Profiling Generating Process.


Process Outline:

Step 1: Profiling Inputs Stage.

  • Crime Scene
  • Victomology
  • Forensic Information
  • Preliminary police report

Step 2: Decision Making Process

Step 3: Crime Assessment

Step 4: The Profile

Step 5: The Investigation

Step 6: The Apprehension


Criminal Profiling Generating Process

Forensic information:

  • Cause of death.
  • Wounds.
  • Pre/post mortem sexual acts.
  • Autopsy report.
  • Laboratory report.


Preliminary police report:

  • Background information.
  • Police observation.
  • Time of crime.
  • Who reported the crime?
  • Neighbourhood socio-economic status.
  • Crime rate of the area.


Crime Assessment 

  • Reconstruction of the crime.
  • Crime classification.
  • Organised or disorganised crime scene. (Victim selection, Control over victim and Sequence of crime).
  • Staging.
  • Motivation.
  • Crime scene dynamics.