Apply Advanced Driving Skills: Defensive Driving

This Unit Standard Replaces: Unit Standard Title: Apply Advanced Driving Skills / Techniques in Defensive and Offensive Situations – SAQA 115311 – Level 05 (Credits 9)

 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD

 

This unit standard is for learners who have to apply advanced defensive driving skills in the execution of their daily tasks.

Learners credited with this unit standard will be able to:

  • Apply knowledge related to vehicle dynamics to reduce driving risk.
  • Demonstrate techniques used to avoid accidents and maintain control.
  • Apply techniques to improve driving skills and maintain safety at all times.

 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING

 

  • Communication skills at NQF Level 4.
  • Knowledge about traffic regulations.
  • Meet the requirements to obtain a valid driving licence for a motor vehicle.

 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE

 

This unit standard applies to individuals who are required to perform advanced defensive driving under the following conditions:
Variable lighting and visibility conditions.

  • Front or rear wheel drive vehicles.
  • Code B class vehicles.
  • Different road conditions (wet and dry).
  • Different transmission systems.

 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria:

 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1

 

Apply knowledge related to vehicle dynamics to reduce driving risk.

 


ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1

 

The various pivots are defined and explained according to law of gravity.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE

 

Pivots refer to:

  • Vertical, Horizontal and Longitudinal.
ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2

 

Centre of gravity is defined according to different vehicle types.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3

 

The implications of different vehicles types on driving manoeuvres are explained.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4

 

The advantages of using a system of driving principles are explained.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE

 

Systems can refer to:

  • Scan, Identify, Predict, Decide and Execute (SIPDE).
  • Attitude, Brake and Clear space (ABC).
  • K53.
ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5

 

The various mechanical systems influencing vehicle driving are defined and explained.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE

 

Mechanical systems refer to:

  • Clutch, Brake, Accelerator, gearbox, steering and shock absorber.
ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6

 

The advantages and disadvantages of airbags, seat belts, braking and stability control systems are identified and explained according to manufactures specifications.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7

 

The techniques of dealing with front and rear run flats are explained.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8

 

Pavement climbing is explained.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9

 

The pre-trip inspection points are identified and inspected in accordance with the K53 system.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE

 

Pre-Trip inspection refers to:

  • Interior and Exterior inspection of a vehicle.
ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10

 

The application of a system of driving principles are demonstrated during a practical driving test.

 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2

 

Demonstrate techniques used to avoid accidents and maintain control.

 


ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1

 

Emergency lane-change to avoid an obstacle is demonstrated at an average speed of 60 km/h and an object distance within 50 meters.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES

 

Techniques demonstrated in a realistic but safe and controlled simulation/environment.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2

 

Breaking techniques are demonstrated with a vehicle coming to a total standstill within 50m under various conditions.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES

 

Techniques demonstrated in a realistic but safe and controlled simulations/environment.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE

 

  • Breaking techniques refer to:

> Cadence/pulse breaking.
> Threshold braking also known as limit braking.

  •  Various conditions refer to:

> Wet/gravel surface driving at 60km/h.
> Dry surface driving at 100km/h.

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3

 

Steering and braking control is demonstrated during conditions of reduced visibility.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4

 

Skid control is demonstrated by identifying and applying the correcting sequence/techniques to regain control on different road surfaces.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES

 

Techniques demonstrated in a realistic but safe and controlled simulations/environment.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE

 

  • Skids control refer to:

> Over steer and Under steer with front wheel and rear wheel drive vehicles. Road surfaces include:
> Dry and wet tarmac or concrete.
> Gravel surface.

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3

 

Apply techniques to improve driving skills and maintain safety at all times.

 


ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1

 

Negotiating of bends is demonstrated and executed by safely applying the knowledge and techniques related to vehicle dynamics and mechanics.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE

 

Techniques refer to:

  • Entering bends.
  • Exit bends.
ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2

 

The advantages and disadvantages of apex driving are identified and explained.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3

 

Apex driving is demonstrated and executed with safety.

 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE

 

Apex situation refer to:

  • Blind apex situation.
  • Open apex situation.

UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE

 

  • A comprehensive understanding of the relevant legislation, and procedures and practices.
  • A broad understanding of advanced defensive driving skills and techniques.
  • A comprehensive understanding of the need for advanced defensive driving skills and techniques.
  • A basic understanding of the ways and methods for the application of advanced driving skills/techniques in defensive situations.